Hilda Carline (1889 - 1950)

Portrait of the Artist’s Mother, 1929

SKU: 11357
Oil on canvas Signed and dated

Height – 70cm
Width – 60cm


The Artist’s Family
The Spencer’s and the Carline’s in Hampstead in the 1920s, an exhibition at the Cookham Festival, 23rd May – 2nd June, 1973.

This portrait of the Artist’s Mother, Anne Carline (1862-1945), was painted shortly after Anne herself had taken up painting herself in 1927. Married to the artist, George Francis Carline (1855-1920), the couple settled in Hampstead and had five children of whom three. Richard (1896-1980), Sydney (1888-1929), and Hilda (1889-1950) all became artists. The family home, first at Downshire Hill and later on Pond Street was full of art and often visiting artists and writers. These included Henry Lamb, Stanley Spencer, Mark Gertler, and John Nash, among others. An annual family painting holiday became a regular feature and it was on one such trip, to Assisi in 1920, that George Carline died suddenly. Encouraged by the artists she had met through her children and husband, Annie Carline took up painting. From 1927 she produced landscapes and figures, usually in watercolour. She exhibited with the London Group and the Artists’ International Association. The cubist painter Andre Lhote helped organise a solo exhibition of her work at the Galerie Pittoresque in Paris. Carline remained active as a painter until her death in 1945.

An earlier portrait of Anne Carline, painted by Hilda’s brother, Richard Carline, is part of the collection of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

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Hilda Carline
1889 - 1950

Hilda Carline studied at Percyval Tudor-Hart’s School of Painting
in Hampstead (1913) and served with the Women’s Land Army
(1916’18), before enrolling at the Slade School of Fine Art under
Henry Tonks in 1918. Quickly gaining critical recognition, she
exhibited at the LG (1921), the RA and the NEAC. 

This impressive start to her career faltered, particularly after
she married, in 1925, the artist Stanley Spencer (1891’1959).
Their turbulent union resulted in periods when Carline hardly
painted at all and eventually, in 1942, she suffered a breakdown. 

Nevertheless, she never neglected painting entirely, and even
during these challenging times produced animated, vigorous work,
such as her 1933 portrait of Patricia Preece (1894’1966) ‘ her
husband’s mistress ‘ entitled Lady in Green

After her divorce in 1937, Carline began working more
frequently once again, producing numerous pastels which explored
her religious beliefs.


Hilda Carline (1889 - 1950)
Portrait of the Artist’s Mother, 1929
Hilda Carline (1889 - 1950)
The Sitting Room at 3 Park Crescent, Oxford, circa 1910
Hilda Carline (1889 - 1950)
Portrait of Gilbert Spencer, circa 1919
On Loan
Hilda Carline (1889 - 1950)
Portrait of Gilbert Spencer, (red chalk), circa 1919